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高考英语考纲词汇3500词及解析:E-F开头的词汇

时间:2018-09-13 11:57来源: 作者: 点击:
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  高考英语考纲词汇3500词及解析:E-F开头的词汇,高中数学网高考频道为广大考生整理最新高考复习资料,更多高考资讯请关注高中数学网高考频道!

  

  E----F

  1. eager adj. 渴望的 be eager for sth be eager to do

  2. earn v. 挣;赢得; arn a living /earn one’s living she earns the respect of her students.

  3. easy adj. Easier said than done 说时容易做时难 Take it easy 别急,放松

  4. ◎educate v. 教育, 培养 educated a. 受过教育的 an educated person

  education n. 教育 receive a good education

  5. effect n. 影响,效果 cause and effect 因果 bring sth into effect 使生效

  come into effect 生效 take effect 开始起作用,见效

  have a … effect on sb/sth 对某人、某物有….影响

  The medicine soon took effect. New controls come into effect next month.

  v. affect Does television affect children’s behaviour?

  Does television have an effect an children’s behaviour?

  6.effort n. 努力 make an effort /make every effort/ make efforts做出努力

  spare no effort(s) 不遗余力

  7. elder n 长者;长辈;adj 年纪较长的(只做定语)elder sister 大姐

  Children have no respect for their elders nowadays.

  8. ●elect (投票)选举 v. elect sb.(as)… an elected leader/representative

  n. election win/lose a election run for election 参加竞选

  9. ◎ 1)electrical a. 电的,电器的 lectrical equipment/engineer

  2)electric 用电的,电动的 electric current 电流electric shock 电击 electric blanket

  3) electronic 电子的 electronic calendar

  10. else adj 别的/其他的(做后置定语)or else 否则

  You can use somebody else’s car. Who else can do it?

  11. ◎embarrass v. 使尴尬embarrassed -embarrassing –embarrassment

  embarrass sb. feel embarrassed about

  12. ◎emergency n. 紧急情况 in case of (an) emergency

  13. ◎encouragement n. 鼓励-encourage-encouraged-encouraging

  encourage sb to do sth

  14. end n.末尾;终点;结束 v.结束;终止 bring sth to an end end up in failure

  put an end to sth end up doing

  come to an end end up with

  15. ◎ energetic a. 精力旺盛的,精力充沛的 energetically adv.

  energy n. 精力 be full of energy

  16. enough n 足够 adj足够的/充分的 ad足够地/充分地

  I can’t thank you enough.=I can’t thank you too much. old enough to go to school

  There are enough chairs for the guests.

  17. enter vt进入 ,参加 entrance 入口,入学 enter a room enter for …报名参加…

  enter the competition the entrance to the hall

  the college entrance exanimation 大学入学考试

  18. ◎ enthusiastic a. 热情的,热心的 enthusiastically adv. be enthusiastic about

  19. ●entry 进入 Countries seeking entry into the European Union.

  20. ◎environment n. 环境 protect the environment environmentally friendly

  21. envy vt/ n嫉妒/羡慕 envy sb sth the envy of sb

  22. equal adj平等的,相同的 vt等于 be equal to sth/doing equal the world record

  23. ●equip vt.提供设备;装备;配备 ________,_________

  equip …with be fully equipped The course is designed to equip students for a career in nursing.

  equipment (不可数)装备/设备 a piece of equipment

  24.escape v / n 逃跑,逃脱escape +n/doing逃避… escape from …逃离(地点)

  a narrow escape

  26. every other day= every second day= every two days 每隔一天、每两天

  every few days 每几天

  27.exact adj 精确的 to be exact 确切的说 exactly adv精确地 This is exactly what he needs.

  28.examine vt检查/诊察 have one’s eyes examined

  29.example n 榜样 set an example to/for sb take sth for example follow sb’s example

  30. except prep除…之外

  His composition is good except for some spelling mistakes.

  I didn’t tell him anything except that I needed the money.

  31. ◎ exchange 交换,调换,交流 n.1)fair exchange 公平的交换

  2) in exchange 作为交换 He gave me a book and I gave him a pen in exchange

  3) in exchange for sth 和…交换 I took his watch in exchange in exchange for camera

  v. exchange A for B =exchange B with A exchange greetings

  32. excite vt 使兴奋/使激动 If the loud noise excites the lion, he may attack you.

  We are excited to hear the exciting news. in an excited voice

  33.exist vi 存在 There exists no life on the moon.(有…)

  ◎existence n. 存在 come into existence 开始存在,成立 be in existence 存在

  35. ●expect 预料;盼望;认为,预料,预期,预计

  You can’t expect to learn a foreign language in a few months.

  expect sth of/from sb. expect too much of sb I except so/ I don’t except so

  ----Will you be late? ----I expect so. ( I guess / think so)

  As expected, they finished the work ahead of time.

  ◎expectation n. 预料,期望

  beyond (all) expectation(s) 出乎意料 contrary to (all) expectations 和预料相反

  come up tpo one’s expectations 达到期望水平 fall short of one’s expectations 没达到期望

  in expectation of 准备(有某种情况) He closed the windows in ~ of rain.

  36. experience n 经历(cn) 经验(un) v 经历,体验 experience a different culture

  be experienced in sth/doing = have experience in sth/ doing

  37. experiment n 实验 make/ do/perform/carry out an experiment

  38. ◎expert n. 专家 He is an ~ cook.

  adj. 有经验的 be ~ at He is ~ at playing the piano.

  39. explain v 解释 explain sth to sb explanation n 解释

  40. ◎exploit vt. 利用, 剥削 In the past, farmers were ~ by landlords.

  开采,开发 We must ~ the country s mineral resources exploitation n.

  41. ●explore vt./vi 勘探 explore sth for sth exploration n. oil exploration

  43. ●expose 揭露 陈述,揭露(尤指对令人震惊的或故意保密的事实)

  My job as a journalist is to expose the truth.

  露出He smiled ,exposing a set of amazingly white teeth.

  Don’t expose a baby to strong sunlight.

  44. express v, 表达; adj, 快的 expression n表达/词句/表情/神色

  You are free to express yourselves in class. have a worried expression on one’s face

  45. eye n 眼睛/眼力 have an eye for sth 对…有鉴赏力 keep an eye on sb/sth 照看/留意

  catch one’s eye 吸引注意力

  46. face n脸, 表情 v面对,面向,正视 face sth 面朝,面对 be faced with …面对,遇到

  47. ●fade vt./vi 褪色,(颜色)消退 The sun had faded the curtains.

  The curtains had faded in the sun.

  fade away (to disappear gradually) her smile /laughter /voice faded away

  48. fail v.失败,不及格,衰退,未发生 failure n, 失败

  fail to do sth power failure

  fail ( in ) sth words failed me.

  fail in doing My eyesight failed.

  If rain fails, the farmers will suffer.

  I fail to see why you won’t give it a try.

  ◎failure. n. 失败 Failure is the mother of success

  失败的人或事 The man is a ~. The party was a ~

  49. fair adj公平的,相当大的,白皙的,晴朗的, 金黄的:n.博览会

  a fair price/ fair skin/ a fair day /fair hair fairly pretty

  50.fall (fell fallen) n秋季,跌倒; v降落,突然到来; 系动词v进入…状态

  fall ill/asleep/silent fall behind

  fall over fall to the ground

  fall down from../fall off… A sudden silence fell.

  My birthday falls on a Monday this year.

  51. ◎fantastic. adj. 极好的 That s an ~idea.

  巨大的 a ~ amount of money 荒诞的 a ~dream

  52. far adj /adv远的,远地 farther, further ( further表抽象含义further study)

  far from:离…远; 远远不… His work is far from satisfactory.

  As/so far as I can see= In my opinion=Personally依我看….

  53. fault n 缺点,毛病 Why should I say sorry when it’s not my fault?

  find fault with sb

  54. favor n 恩惠,好处,帮忙 Could you do me a favor?

  Can I ask a favor? 请帮个忙好吗? We are all in favor of the plan.

  55. ●feast盛会,宴会 v. feast your eyes n. a wedding feast

  The evening was a real feast for music lovers.

  56. feed v 喂养,饲养 They have a large family to feed.

  We feed horses on grass.(We feed grass to horses.)

  57.feel (felt,felt) vt, link.v 发觉,意识到,感觉

  She couldn’t feel her legs.他的双腿失去了知觉。

  You will feel better after a good night’s sleep.

  I am not quite feeling myself today. We teachers feel strongly that …

  The blind man felt his way along the road. feel like sth/doing sth

  58.few n,adj 不多,少数,少数的,

  only a few/quite a few/a good few/every few days

  I have a few friends here./I have few friends here.

  The few friends I made here are all teachers.

  59.figure n,v数字,图形,身形,人物 be round in figure 呈圆形 have a good figure 身材好

  figure out a problem 算出一道题 I couldn’t figure out who he was.我想不出他是谁。

  60.fill vt vi填满,装满 Fill the glass with water.

  A big crowd filled the hall. Her eyes suddenly filled with tears.

  fill in the blank/fill in the hole/fill up

  61.film n v 电影,影片,拍摄 develop a film

  Everything was covered in a film of dust.

  62.find (found,found) 找到,发现,感到 find one’s way

  I find it necessary to find a good map.

  When she came to, she found herself lying in bed.

  The teacher found herself surrounded by her students.

  I wanted to talk to him but he was nowhere to be found.

  63.fire n 火 v射击,开火,解雇,点燃 be on fire for /fire sb

  64.fit n合适的衣服adj合适的,胜任的v适合

  a good fit/be fit for/be fit to do/keep fit/fit sb well/ think(see) fit to do 认为合适

  65.fix v.修理,安装,确定,决定 Has the date of the meeting been fixed?

  The car can’t start—can you fix it?

  All the students are listening to the teacher with their eyes fixed on the blackboard.

  This is a fixed phrase.

  66. flash n 闪光,转瞬间v闪光

  Memories flashed through my mind.往事历历在目。 a flash of lightning/in a flash

  69. ◎flesh. n. 肉 your own ~ and blood 你自己的亲骨肉

  in the flesh 亲自,本人

  70. flood n 洪水,一大阵 v 淹没 The river is in flood.河水泛滥。

  What a flood of rain.好大一阵雨。 Letters flooded the office.信件大量涌入办事处。

  Warmth flooded my heart.我心里热乎乎的。

  71.floor n地板,(议会的)发言权 take the floor发言

  live on the third floor have/get the floor取得发言权

  72. ◎fluent adj. 流利的 He is ~ in English. He speaks ~ English

  fluently adv. fluency n.

  73. fly(flew, flown) v 飞,飞行,放,飘,突然开n 飞行,苍蝇

  Birds fly in the sky. A flag flies in the wind.

  How time flies.时间飞逝。 The door flew open.门突然开了。

  74. ◎focus. vt. 集中 ~ one s eyes /attention Eyes were ~ed on him

  n. 焦点,引人注目的中心

  75. follow v 跟随,效仿,跟得上

  follow sb up the stairs/follow one’s example/follow this road

  in the following years Their requirements are as follows. Do you follow me?

  The teacher came in, followed by some students./following some students.

  76.fool n傻子 v愚弄 make a fool of sb fool sb into doing sth All(April)Fools’ Day

  77.for ten for a dollar/take sb for a fool/So much for today/

  a ticket for tomorrow He is tall for his age

  78. ●forbid 禁止;不许 ________,_________

  forbid sb. from doing forbid sb.to do forbid doing the Forbidden City

  79. force v强迫,迫使n 外力

  force sb to do sth force sb into doing force one’s way force a smile

  82. forget v忘记 forget to do sth/forget doing

  Don’t forget me to your mother. You must do it before you forget it.

  Forget about sth 别再想… Forget it.

  83. ●fortune u/n财产;运气 seek one’s fortune make one’s fortune

  84. free v自由的,空闲的,免费的 be free from/of

  free of charge/for free/free sb from(of) a tax-free shop/a smoke-free room

  85. freeze vi vt 结冰 Water freezes at zero degrees centigrade.

  I am freezing.我快冻僵了。 Smiles froze on her face.笑容在她脸上僵住了。

  be frozen/freeze to death freezing cold/burning hot

  86. fresh adj新鲜的 fresh air/water/color/news

  87. friend n 朋友 make friends with sb a friend of Mary’s / a friend of mine

  friendly adj友好的

  88.fun n 有趣的事,娱乐,玩笑 It is great fun to swim in a pool in summer.

  have fun doing just for fun make fun of sb

  89. ◎function. n. 功能,作用,职责 the ~ of a chairman. 聚会,集会 official ~s

  v. 起作用,正常工作 The machine functions well.



























































































































































































































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